There are some various resources which can be found at various other locations on this page. This section is meant simply to highlight those. If one wishes to support a specific card, but doesn't have that card, then card drivers might be sufficient.
This is sometimes installed on the Control Panel's Multimedia applet's Multimedia Properties window's MIDI tab, and sounds well. If available, it is recommended to try using that instead of other Single instrument MIDI output entries, even if this isn't the default.
TOOGAM's experience is as follows: When using a GUS Extreme that had ESS Technology, Inc.'s "Sound Blaster"-compatible ES1688 AudioDrive circuitry, and installing the "ES1688 AudioDrive" driver, the Microsoft GS Wavetable SW Synth driver did not appear. But when installing another driver that came with Win98SE, which was the "ES1688 AudioDrive (WDM)", then this MIDI driver appeared. So if WDM is supported, it is recommended to try that. Whether this is better than QuickTime or not may be a toss-up, but having that option can be nicer than not having the option, especially if QuickTime hasn't been installed yet.
When running the QuickTime installer, there is an option for MIDI support. This should work on basically any sound card.
Creative Labs is the US subsidiary of a company called Creative Technology. Although Creative Labs may be the more well known name, the CT abbreviation has been the more common abbreviation.
Creative Labs made the popular Sound Blaster line of audio cards. Creative support: download area allows one to obtain drivers. When choosing what to download, look at dates and descriptions. Sometimes a small program like DIAGNOSE.EXE may be offered as a separate download, but a much newer disk set is also available and is described as coming with the small program that is years older.
After selecting a product, the page may discuss that the product has been classified as “End of Service Life”. The hyperlink that says “Search archives now.” will make use of the product selection made on the prevous screen, and its linked to page will ask what operating system is desired.
The Sound Blaster was a heavily emulated card series back in the days when an individual product line of sound cards mattered more and operating system drivers mattered less, a set of priorities that changed with the popularity of Microsoft's Windows 95 and successors. Competitors included compatibility with the Create Labs Sound Blaster lines of products. Such cards included Media Vision's Thunderboard, which according to Media Vision was fully Sound Blaster complaint except for enhacements that were only detected and usable if software attempted to ID the card multiple times. Creative Labs later supplied to game authors some drivers that detected the Thunderboard and failed when the enhacements were detected, resulting in Media Vision's next product having separate IRQ and DMA usage so the Sound Blaster compatible portion of the product could be fully compliant. Other SB emulation was sometimes sub-optimal, including the emulation provided by some of Creative Labs's own PCI-based cards.
The VDMSound Project's page on SF, download page, local files
VDMSound for WinNT/2K/XP allows those Windows operating systems to emulate a Sound Blaster even if a totally different sound card is being used. A possibly newer (even though it is over five years old) is 2.1.0 beta for 2K/XP+ from Vogon forum post. hyperlinked download URL for VDMSound 2.1.0.exe. Also there is VDMSound for Win9x wdmsound.win9x.alpha1.zip download URL, vxds0002.zip download URL
Developed by Intel Architecture Labs in 1997, there are various versions and so there is not just one simple driver supporting all AC'97 devices. Many motherboards may include AC'97 sound, but drivers may also be needed.
For OpenBSD, the AC'97 codec man page for OpenBSD makes it sound like the AC'97 is designed to be a sub-driver, used by other drivers that support cards directly. For BeOS, there is one AC'97 driver for BeOS for use with many cards from Intel, NVIDIA and SiS. For DOS and Windows, finding one working sound card driver won't necessarily be sufficient for a different AC'97 system.
On some pages about chipsets, like the Chipset audio driver information, Intel gives some useful information: "Due to the variety of different AC'97 codecs that are available, Intel does not offer AC'97 reference audio drivers for public download." They refer customers to the manufacturers of the motherboards, modems, and sound cards that contain the chips. Some more information on the page that may be useful is that there are "2 components - an Audio Codec '97 (AC'97) digital controller, which is built into the I/O Controller Hub (ICH) of the chipset, and a AC'97 codec, which is the analog component of the architecture." Audio Codec page references the old http://www.intel.com/design/chipsets/audio/ Audio Codec '97 page that now simply redirects to the page of Intel High Definition Audio (HD Audio), the newer technology that replaces AC'97.
Some of the different Chipsets appear to be:
vsyncmame has some DOS drivers. Scitech's SNAP directory has the graphical SNAP (unrelated) and snapaudio, the latter of which is apparently a DOS driver.
The following are audio codec manufacturers. They will not significantly help when searching for drivers: Find out what other company made the audio controller as that is what the driver will need to be made for.
Media Vision's Pro Audio Spectrum 16, ESS, some AC97 card(s), and other cards may appear in the Less Common Sound Cards page.