Things to get for this page, which haven't been satisfactorily obtained yet:

To play back multimedia files, the system must have software that understands the file format. A very popular way of handling this is by having software employ the use of a codec (COmpressor/DECompressor software), or multiple codecs (one for video and one for audio). As the codecs often can be used by multiple pieces of software, and are therefore viewed as being more general purpose, they are listed first. Playback and creation/modification software is listed next.

[#codecs]: Codecs
[#vidcodec]: Video codecs
[#vidlosls]: Lossless Video
Lossless codecs preserve all video information without losing quality, making them ideal for those who are working with video creation/modification (so that one doesn't lose details and lose quality, quite possibly multiple times, as work is done on the product). However, compression ratios are not nearly as high (beneficial) as the lossy alternatives, so currently lossy videos are often used (especially for distribution over the Internet). Some lossy codecs may be buggy and create completely unusable footage so the results should be tested before being trusted (and deleting the original source material).
Lagarith Lossless Video Codec

An open source codec claiming on its main page that it "offers better compression than codecs like Huffyuv, Alparysoft, and CorePNG." Lagarith codec (v1.3.14), Lagarith codec (v1.3.14) for Windows64 (with a readme file with manual installation instructions regarding problems with install.bat failing), Lagarith 1.3.15dev Source Code, page for Mac download.

Made by the creator of Sir Lagsalots AVI Player

Huffman and YUV based lossless codec. To install, use Windows Explorer to look at the files, right click on HuffYUV.inf, and click on "Install".
CorePNG CorePNG's support of P-frames a.k.a. "delta frames" has been called unstable by the Wikipedia page on CorePNG. The page also says "Each frame of video is compressed using PNG compression, allowing the codec to inherit all of the features of the PNG format, but also its limitations."
MSU Lossless Video Codec
Closed source, free for non-commerical use, and not free for commercial use. Charts on the project's page indicate this product results in lossless video that is compressed more than other codecs.
Others (untested/unresearched)

“The most balanced and flexible codec is FFV1: relatively good speed and high compression for various presets.” Lossless Video Codecs Comparison 2007. GPL (noted in the copyright information of web page showing ffv1.c).

Wikipedia's article on the “Snow” codec says “FFmpeg aims to get the codec to become a Request for Comments (RFC).” Lossless Video Codecs Comparison 2007 rated it slightly higher to FFV1 in compression ratio. Snow(Default) was actually rated slightly lower than Snow(max), which suggests that some options to specify maximum compression don't lead to the codec's maximum possible compression. Post on Doom9 forums by akupenguin says “Be careful of trying to play Snow with any stable release. It changes often, and isn't always backwards compatible, sometimes in subtle ways.” When checked on Friday, Sept 26, 2008, the FFmpeg page had a colored banner noting the money raised so far to get Snow to have an RFC.

MSU Lossless page on references Lagarith, saying “the MSU Lossless Codec and FFV1 are the only codecs that outperform Lagarith in terms of compression.” (MSU Lossless) (This codec also has modes which are not lossless.) The software's home page says “This codec is free for non-commercial use.”

Lossless Video Codecs Comparison 2007 says “In Maximum Compression area the overall winner is YULS.” Itgives some more “Main conclusions” found in its comparison paper which boasts a length of 130 pages. (Apparently there are quite a few graphs in it.) YUVsoft's Lossless Video Codec (YULS) is free for non-commercial use. The software's home page says “Due to high complexity, the codec is not suitable for video capture or non-linear editing.” Tested in Win2K Pro and XP Pro.

Media Player Codecs (official packages by Microsoft)
Software for use with QuickTime
See QuickTime area for WMV plugin
Windows Media Player Plug-in for Forefox
Windows Media Player Firefox Plugin (executable) for Windows XP SP2 and WIndows Vista, both x86 and x64.
Personal License Update Wizard
Personal License Update Wizard (executable). Windows Media Download Center says "This wizard helps you easily move your Media Library and play personally licensed content after upgrading to Windows XP or acquiring a new computer."
Windows Media 9 Series based
Windows Media Authoring Utilities (saved local as wm9authr.htm), Encoding Audio and Video with Windows Media Codecs See also: (requires Dual monitors) Plug-in for Adobe Premiere 6.5 (Beta), a.k.a. Adobe Premiere 6.5 Plug-in for Windows Media 9 Series
Windows Media Encoder 7.1

Windows Media Encoder 7 Introduction to Windows Media Encoder 7.1 "New features include the addition of the Microsoft Windows Media Audio 8 codec, the Microsoft Windows Media Video 8 codec, and four new profiles that make use of the version 8 codecs for real-time capture and streaming." "Windows Media Encoder 7.1 still provides support for all the features that were available in Windows Media Encoder 7" (In comparison, Windows Media Encoder 9 Series utilities documented changes in tools from Windows Media Encoder 7.)

wmencodersdk71.exe is lowercased version of a filename WMEncoderSDK71.exe mentioned at page. (The direct download URL was found via Google search: WMEncoderSDK71.exe. WMP71SDK.exe. Windows Media Encoder 7.1 (Portu/Spanish) is no longer available. Download available from following third party link: wmencoder71.exe download from

Windows Media Encoder 4.1
This is referenced by Windows Media Hardware Product Vendors.
VCM Compression Manager
Codecs Installation Package for Windows Media Video 9 VCM (Video Compression Manager) had been described by Windows Media Download Center (when selecting "Codecs Installation Packages" from the drop down box) as follows: "encoder/decoder will enable legacy encoding and editing applications to support the Windows Media Video 9 codec in file containers such as AVI." MDGX WMP page describes this as: "allows playback of older content (WMP64) in WMP9 and playback of newer content (WMP8/WMP9) in WMP64".
Codec Installation Packages for IT Professionals
Codec Installation Package for Windows Media Player 6.4
Like the package for Windows Media Player 7.1, this offers support for Windows Media Audio 9 and 9 Voice, Windows Media Video 8, Microsoft MPEG-4 versions 1 and 2, and ISO MPEG-4 versions 1 and 1.1. It doesn't support some of the other items, but it the web page does mention support for "Windows Media Video 9 VCM", "Windows Media Screen 7", and "Windows Media Audio 9 Voice". Windows Media Encoder 9 Series FAQ indicates that WM9 codecs cannot be used with this player, but do check out the VCM Compression Manage which AXCEL216 / MDGX indicates does provide some WM9 Codec support in WMP 6.4 (as described on this page).
Codec Installation Package for Windows Media Player 7.1 and later, for Win 98/ME/2K

For Windows Media Player 7.1 through 10. Includes Windows Media Audio 9 and 9 Voice, and Windows Media Video 7, 8, 9, and 9 Screen, Microsoft MPEG-4 versions 1, 2, and 3, ISO MPEG-4 versions 1 and 1.1. (No mention of "Windows Media Video 9 VCM", "Windows Media Screen 7", or "Windows Media Audio 9 Voice" that the 6.4 codec package lists.)

(Yes, the hyperlink to the package for Windows 2000 referred to a file with 9x at the end of the base filename.)

Q324290: Windows Media Codecs Download Package Version 8.0

Windows Media Codecs Download Package Version 8.0 (downloadable executable) applies to Windows Media Player 6.4 and 7.0. For a silent installation, the executable may be run with the "/q:a" and "/r:n" parameters.

The list of supported codecs includes some not mentioned in the other packages. Actually, it is really nice and mentions which filenames handle the individual codecs. The Q324290 has been saved locally to be able to reference this.

Description of Windows Media Video 9 Series Codecs


Xvid download page has offsite links for multiple operating systems. The Xvid Developers section: source code download may help for other operating systems. xvidcore-1.1.3.tar.bz2 has been zipped locally in

XviD movies says "The XviD codec isn't yet available for the Mac" and gives a work around involving QT and DivX, and has some downloads. Note that had the same style of site logo in the corner, and it had executables that differed from the original locations at, so one may wish to be a bit cautious about what the files are that get downloaded from that site.

Overview of name
DivX 4.0 and later result from OpenDivX, and so is different software than the software "DivX ;-)" which included a winky smiley (and not the quotation marks) in its name. The "DivX ;-)" is based on some code that Microsoft did not allow for distribution. This is also rather unrelated to Circuit City's Digital Video Express which was called DIVX.

Beware! When TOOGAM searched for DivX 5.2.1, there were many different files located. (The files must've been different because there were multiple different file sizes.) Although it appears that has released multiple versions of some files (some from the pad directory/pages/site as discussed below), it is quite possible that many of these executables have been somehow altered, possibly with malware introduced into the file. It is generally recommended to ensure the copy of any file obtained is from an official source, but because of this, such a recommendation especially applies to DivX.

DivX 5.2.1
DivX history states about a fix in DivX 6.0 which was: "DivX codec should no longer lose its trial or registered status."
Official downloads

Note: DivX 5.2.1 is not available from files in the top of the directory. Multiple files there (including DivX521ME98.exe and DivXPro521ME98.exe) now point to the exact same file which ends up being DivX 6. (There is no Win98/ME version of DivX 6.) When using Win98SE, the downloaded file will inform the user that it won't work on the operating system and the installer has a hyperlink that launches a web browser to view an error page stating that the specified web page no longer exists.

The files are actually still available from the site, but only from some locations.

Smaller files

These files are probably smaller. (Or maybe not? Maybe that should be checked...)

Before the existing files on the main site were located, alternative locations were sought. One thing found was that there were some files in which had information, such as file sizes, on some files. The file sizes reported differed from the files found in the official locations. They weren't available from that the pad location any longer: Any actual executables from the area, such as, seemed to also be updated to reference some 15MB file (likely DivX 6). However, a third party site was found with files that matched these file sizes, so unless the files were altered maliciously, the following files might be valid files that, at one point, originated from

Smaller Downloads

DivX downloads had multiple hyperlinks that had files that seemed to be the right size according to some files on the main DivX site. This would seem to imply that they are legitimate, and they may be smaller than files obtained elsewhere.

(freeware) DivX 5.2.1 for WinME/98 is 7,587,352 bytes, matching XML stats for file.

DivX521XP2K.exe 7,680,064 bytes, matching XML stats for file.

Other files include: and

Other downloads

The above downloads should be sufficient. Here are some additional download locations in case they aren't. (There's no particular reason to suggest these should be used instead. But since they were searched for and found, they're being mentioned here largely just for a record of some known other URLs.)

Download URL from Free-Codecs redirected to which contained a DivX521ME98.exe that matched an old archive where the file was downloaded from

Matches DivX 5.2.1 for Win ME/98.

DivX 5.2.1 for Win 2K/XP matches DivX 5.2.1 for Win 2K/XP which is redirected to from file download redirector from for DivX 5.2.1 for Win2K/XP. (That differs from the file pointed to from which redirects to DivX521XP2K.exe in so don't just assume that all mirrors on the site are the same.)

QuickTime accessotires
download details page for "Windows Media Components for QuickTime" by Flip4Mac TM was pointed to by the Microsoft Windows Media Download Center. Page needs Mac OS X version 10.3.9 or later and QuickTime version 7.0 or later (7.1.6 or higher recommended) Flip4Mac WMV paged is hyperlinekd to by Microsoft. WM Components
Package/distribution options
[appleqt]: Apple's QuickTime

Apple's QuickTime codec works with the Apple Quicktime playing software, so this involves using the interface that came with that program. (To use another interface, such as that of MS WiMP, other software is needed.)

In addition to providing a codec for playing back videos, this can come with a MIDI codec.

QuickTime Alternative
The QuickTime Alternative software is compatible with MS WiMP. It does not include the QT MIDI codec, even if "Extra QuickTime plugins" checkbox is checked in the software's installation program (using QTAlt 1.56 in Win98SE).
QT Lite / QuickTime Alternative Lite

Codec Guide - QT Lite says "QT Lite contains exactly the same components as QuickTime Alternative. The ONLY difference between the two packs is that QT Lite does not contain Media Player Classic." For some earlier versions of QuickTime, there were multiple releases including one called "QuickTime Alternative Lite" which was the same concept. Final Builds Site - QuickTime Alternative says "QuickTime Alternative Lite is QuickTime Alternative without Media Player Classic."

All versions of QT Lite (1.0, 1.1, 1.11, and 1.12 and later) require Windows 2000 or later. (When the installer is run in Win98SE, a dialog box appears saying "This program requires Windows NT version 5.0 or later.") QT Lite -> History indicates that version 2.0.0 requires Windows XP or newer. (It also doesn't even mention 1.1.2. xyzzy blog: QuickTime security flaws says that "it is already rather tricky to find the 2007-11-12 QT Lite 1.1.2". QT Lite versions has a QT Lite 2.0.0 hyperlink dated just 23 hours after the 12:02am Nov 11 2007 hyperlink for QT Lite 1.1.2 so that may be why there aren't a lot of archives of that file.)

For QT Lite, and at least some QT Alternative Lite reelases, there are some archives that provide multiple versions (even if not linked to). Edskes File Download Mirror) provides links to files in which redirects to http URL of an ftp site (from which an ftp site is easily found). The mirros page also references which redirects to files in which does not allow directory listings. Versions 1.1 and later of QT Lite were found in these locations, and version 1.0 was in the FTP site. Any local files have been renamed to an 8.3 structure, but originally were named qtlite*.exe where * had three digits.

QuickTime MPEG-2 Plugin
Untested: QuickTime MPEG-2 Plugin (locally renamed to qtmpeg2.exe) seems to be a wrapper that uses other QuickTime software to allow QuickTime content to be used in DirectShow enabled players. (This cannot be simply used instead of other QuickTime software.)
QuickTime Lite for VCP
Untested: Softpedia description of QT Lite for VCP
The H.264 (a.k.a. MPEG-4 AVC and MPEG-4 Part 10) codec

The QuickTime 7 codecs added H.264 support.

These don't support Windows 95/98/98SE/ME/NT, nor earlier versions of Microsoft Windows. This is true of both QuickTime 7 and also QuickTime Alternative version 1.61 which updated to QT codecs and Browser plugin versions to and dropped support for Win95/98(SE)/Me and NT. (The earlier version of QTAlt was 1.56 and is referenced below.)

QuickTime 7 and the QT Alt program supporting the same version added support for the codec for H.264, also known as MPEG-4 AVC and MPEG-4 Part 10, and dropped support for Windows 98. If one is using Win98 and wants to use that codec, the WWW Browser add-on Flash 9.0 Update 3 added support for that codec, and so that may at least be related to a workable solution. This codec is required by the specifications of HD DVD and Blu-Ray Disc formats (per Wikipedia's article on H.264/MPEG-4 AVC).

QuickTime that is compatible with Win9x/NT
QuickTime Alternative 1.56
QuickTime Alternative 1.56 (locally renamed to qtalt156.exe) for "Windows 95, 98, 98 SE, ME, NT, 2000, XP, 2003, 2008 and Vista" (as described when checked Feb 2, 2008).
Apple's QuickTime 6.5.2
QT652forWin HTML... Version availability nicely stated: "If your operating system is older than those supported by the current versions of QuickTime, please visit AppleCare to find previous versions of QuickTime." This site pointed to QuickTime 6.5.2 for Windows (Me, 98, 2000, and XP). The download link mentioned 23MB, although the downloaded file was about 12MB. There were versions for multiple langauges: QuickTime 6.5.2 for Windows (English Release) (direct download) (renamed locally to qt652eng.exe).
QuickTime 5
QuickTime 5 for Windows 95/98/NT/ME/2K/XP had download hyperlinks for QuickTime 5.0.5 in various languages, including QuickTime 5.0.5 English (renamed locally) and QuickTime 5.0.5 International English (renamed locally to
QuickTime 4.1.2 patch
AppleCare Support - Older Software Downloads: DOS/Windows Software Downloads has a link to QuickTime 4.1.2 upgrade near the bottom. (This is a patch and needs an older version to complete the upgrade.)
QuickTime 2.1.2 (16-bit compatible)
  • Apparently QuickTime 2.1.2 qt16.exe extracts qt16inst.exe
  • Quicktime 2.12 "The latest Quicktime version that will work with 3.1x. The archive additionally contains the Quicktime Internet-Plugin v. 1.1."
Real has released several players. There is also Real Alternative.
Real Alternative
Real Alternative Lite
Final Builts Site - Real Alternative says "Real Alternative Lite is Real Alternative without Media Player Classic." This is recommended if Media Player Classic is not wanted, or if that software is going to be downloaded separately anyway (such as if it is included in another package like QuickTime Alternative).

Note: There are a couple of limitations to know about before putting hope in installing this product. As quoted in the text when installing the program:

  • RealMedia .smi and .smil files are not fully supported. Only the first part of a clip will be played. Luckily these two file formats are not used very often.
  • The RealMedia DirectShow splitter doesn't work with streaming content. So you can't play streaming RealMedia in for example Windows Media Player. However, Media Player Classic fully supports streaming RealMedia.
Real Alternative

This is basically a combination of Real Alternative Lite with a bundled version of Media Player Classic and an option during installation on whether or not to install that version of Media Player Classic. It is recommended to just get Real Alternative Lite if Media Player Classic is going to be downloaded separately, which will be the case if installing some other packages (like QuickTime Alternative) that include MPC, or if just downloading MPC by itself.

Real Alternative 1.52 comes with "Media Player Classic [version SVN build 2007-03-25]" (as described by its installer). That takes up 4.1MB if installed, and the checkbox to install MPC is checked on by default.

RealNetworks software (official Real software)

PC World's "The 25 Worst Tech Products of All Time" rates RealNetworks RealPlayer as #2. Integrating advertisements so they show when the program is actively run, or possibly even if it is simply installed and running in the background, was one unpleasant issue. Another is that new versions came with new names, such as RealPlayer G2 (version 6) and RealOne Player Version 2 (released between RealPlayer 8 and RealPlayer 10) led to utter confusion as to what version is the latest.

The Real Legacy Software Archive contains links to many old versions of software.

  • RealPlayer 10.5 for Win98SE/ME/2KSP2 with 64MB of RAM, or XP with 128MB RAM. Needs IE 5.0 or later.
  • RealPlayer10GOLD.exe for Win NT4.0SP6/98SE/Me/XP/2KSP2
  • RealOne Player Version 2 (RealOnePlayerV2GOLD.exe) lists Win2K, and doesn't mention 2KSP2
  • RealPlayer for Win95/98 (rp8-setup.exe) (an old note TOOGAM wrote, probably from an old version of the Legacy Software Archive: "(Win95 Minimum, recommended is Win95/98/2K/NT4.0SP4). Later versions (RealOne Player Version 1 and RealPlayer 10) listed a need for Win98SE in the system requirements, even if not the description, so this would be the latest for Win98)"
  • RealPlayer 5 (16-bit) for Win 3.1/95/NT3.51
  • RealAudio Player 3 (16-bit)

The following came from notes that were made citing the Real Legacy Software Archive as helping to clarify, even though the page seems to have less information now.

  • RealAudio Player 3 and RealPlayer 5 existed for Windows 3.1. I believe the main difference there is that RealPlayer had support for video.
  • RealJukebox 2 is listed after (and is hence presumed to be older than) RealAudio Player 3 (in the WinNT4/98/Me/XP/2K directory), which is listed as older than RealPlayer 4.
  • A product is known as "Real Player G2 (version 6)". Of course, when it was released as a newer version, the "version 6" wasn't so prominantly visible on their main page.
  • A product known as "RealOne Player" ("RealOne Player Version 1" and "RealOne Player Version 2") is listed in between RealPlayer 8 and RealPlayer 10. One can therefore guess that this can logically be thought of as version 9 in the RealPlayer lineup (just as Microsoft's "Windows Media Player for Windows XP", released between "Windows Media Player 7.1" and "Windows Media Player Series 9", is viewed as being version 8, even if it is rarely ever called that by the developer who made the software).
(Other lossy codecs)
Other, if not lossless/lossy-only
Some codec packages by Microsoft for Windows Media, and by Apple, may have both lossless and lossy versions. (This would need to be researched further in order to be substantially expanded.)
[#audcodec]: Audio Codecs
Some audio codecs are included in the video codec package(s), such as the Codec package by Microsoft.
Hybrid (lossy+correction)
A couple of formats support both lossy and lossless. They are able to make a file with lossy compression, plus a separate correction file that, when combined with the file made with lossy compression, can losslessly produce the original sound again. This seems like a great idea, because if someone then wants to use lossy compression due to its greater compressability, this can be accomplished very quickly by simply excluding the correction files.
WavPack (by David Bryant)
WavPack downloads page has source code, which FLAC comparison (overview) page says is "released under the BSD license". The HydrogenAudio forums have a post with WavPack 4.42 alpha 2 release. David Bryant's name is mentioned so prominently, right by the title, because TOOGAM believes he came across some other software called WavPack.
OptimFROG Lossless Audio Compression
Version 1.210b's SDK, including source code, was released March 4, 2006. Version 4.600ex was released about 3 months later, July 3, and was marked as an experimental version. Its source code does not appear to be available from OptimFROG downloads page.
Looking for lossless audio? Be sure to also check out the hybrid encoders that can compress losslessly. The effectiveness of lossless audio depends on the sound (with classical music compressing better than heavy metal), and the results of all these codecs vary less than 10% (based on FLAC's Comparison page (with ratios) where Shorten was at 58.11% and La 0.3c was at 49.86%). This may differ as newer versions come out.
Robin Whittle's Lossless Audio Compression page, who developed an algorithm, states that the way that compression percentages are varying "seems to indicate the best of the algorithms is getting close to some unknown theoretical limit." There are some comparison pages, including FLAC comparison (overview) and FLAC comparison page (with ratios).
Actual codecs
FLAC - Free Lossless Audio Codec
An open source codec.
Codec called LA (which stands for Lossless Audio)
Often providing the best compression ratio, but no source code. Fairly slow. Exists for Windows and Linux.
Tom's Lossless Audio Kompressor (TAK)
Actually called (T)om's verlustfreier (A)udio(k)ompressor, which is German, so the K is not a misspelling.
The True Audio (TTA)
Moneky's Audio
Moving Picture Experts Group Audio Lossless Coding, an extention to MPEG4 audio.
MP3, Ogg
[#mmsoftw]: Playback and modification software
Multimedia Playback software

Playback software may be smaller, more optimized, and at a lower cost than editors (when editors are not provided for free). However, editors often include the ability to playback what is being edited, so feel free to also check back the Multimedia file editors section as well.

[#playvid]: Video Playback

This section is meant to cover video players. Many may also play sound files. Some codecs are often required.

[#mswimp]: Microsoft Windows Media Player (MS WiMP)

At least some versions of MS WiMP had some nice features, like being bundled with the operating system, and being technology that could be used from other software (including web browsers, perhaps especially Microsoft Internet Explorer). Newer versions became more bloated, resulting in even more desirability for some other software like “Media Player Classic” which looked more similar to older versions of MS WiMP.

Download page
Media Player Download Page
Other versions
6.3 for Solaris?
web page, mp52beta.exe
Windows Media Player 6.4

Windows Media Player for Windows 95 and NT4 (English Version) requires Win95, 98, "Windows NT® Server or Workstation 4.0 with Service Pack 3 (audio, illustrated audio, and video)" (according to system requirements). Windows Media Player Plug-in for Netscape Navigator can be run if Netscape Navigator 4.x is installed after MS WiMP 6.4.

To install WiMP, obtain the WiMP CAB file and install MS IE 5 or 6. Then follow directions (obtained from MDGX.Com WMP6): Extract the CAB file's contents (with 7-zip) into a directory such as C:\TEMP\ and then use the following RUNDLL32.EXE commands in order:
However, perhaps WM308567 does just as well?

download details page, KB925398/MS06-078, Q308567/KB308567/WM308567 overview, download details to choose language for 308567, Wm320920_64 package (cumulative)

There may be multiple versions of Windows Media Player 6 installed at once. Windows Media Player (according to Help, About) is located in "\Program Files\Windows Media Player\MPlayer2.Exe" when Windows 98 SE is installed. If installing a newer version of Media Player then there may be a WMPlayer.Exe in the same directory which is a newer version while the MPlayer2.Exe may still exist as the older, slimmer version. An even simpler version may also exist as MPlayer.exe in the directory where Windows was installed to.

Hardware acceleration settings can improve performance by setting them high, but lowering/disabling hardware acceleration can help enable screenshots (by pressing Print Screen to copy the screen to the clipboard, and then pasting into a graphics application) and can even make some software (like codecs and/or video drivers) be able to play some files (like MPEG files) better (like showing correct colors). This can be done using the system-wide accelleration settings at Start, Control Panel, System, Performance Tab, ("Advanced settings" section's) Graphics... button. However, there also may be a setting in Windows Media Player that just affects Windows Media Player without affecting video acceleration of the entire operating system. In Windows Media Player (and not in, the setting can be found by visiting the View Menu, selecting Options, and looking on the Playback tab. In the lower-right corner of that tab is a Video section, and underneath Zoom is a "Hardware accleration" slidebar. In general, performance does not usually degrade by sliding that bar all the way to the left (to "None") and causes screenshotting to work.

DVD Playback options can be enabled using MP6 DVD UI registry file.

Windows Media Player 7.0

This can be useful for Win95 users to get WMP 7.1 installed, according to WMP 7.1 on Win95 guide. Windows Media Player 7.1 guide on mozdev KB269605, KB269233, Q268874 (unattended install) with /Q:A /R:N /C:"setup_wm.exe /Q /R:N"

No longer at the location. The following files seemed consistent, so hopefully they're nice and athentic, but they haven't been verified yet:
9,547,408 bytes? is 9,543,408 bytes like

Windows Media Player 7.1
Page about Windows Media Player 7.1 (for Win 98), Windows Media Player 7.1 (for Win 98), Page about Windows Media Player 7.1 for Mac OS 8.1 to 9.x, Windows Media Player 7.1 for Mac OS 8.1 to 9.x. MDGX WMP7 has reference to an unofficial WMP71 for Win95/OSR1/OSR2/NT4.
Windows Media Player for Windows XP

This product was not usually officially called Windows Media Player 8. This was the version bundled with Windows XP that was newer than Windows Media Player 7.1, but released before Windows Media Player 9. Q324290/KB324290 refered to "Windows Media Player 7, 7.1 and 8" but Microsoft didn't seem to frequently refer to it as version 8. (There wasn't any other version 8, at least not one released for Windows 98 or XP or other mainstream versions meant for desktop PC systems.)

Windows Media Player 9

The reason this is called "9 Series" for the Windows release is not apparent. In fact, that new naming scheme (with the word “Series”) was dropped by the next version.

Windows Media Player 10
Page about Windows Media Player 10 (for Windows XP), Windows Media Player 10 (for Windows XP), info on MP10 in 98. The Player 11 Release Notes are referenced by Windows Media Player download page for details of going from Media Player 11 to 10 to avoid needing to "lose any content that is protected with digital media usage rights."
Windows Media Player 11
Page about Windows Media Player 11, Windows Media Player 11 (for Windows XP), Windows Media Player 11 (64-bit) designed to work with Windows XP Professional x64 Edition.

Microsoft Windows Media Download Center page links to download page for Windows Media Player Plug-in for Firefox which adds Windows Media Player ActiveX control to Firefox in Windows XP and Vista, both x86 and x64 releases. Windows Media Player Firefox Plugin.

For a number of fixes, see the unofficial, third party site's page: MDGX WMP page.

MS02-032: Cumulative updates for WiMP 6.4, 7.1, and \WiMP for XP

[#mediplcl]: Media Player Classic
Compatibility Notes

Compatibility notes: Version was found to work just fine in 64-bit Windows 7, with MPC-HC also working fine on the same system.

However, multiple versions (Media Player Classic (revision 82), and MPC-HC (64-bit) 1.7.10 (d911f14)) had the same bug (tested in 64-bit Windows 7), which was ineffective volume controls when playing MIDI files: The slider did not adjust the volume, and the mute button did not mute, although the effect was only noticed when playing MIDI files. When playing other files (e.g. a *.WAV file), the volume controls worked just fine. (Volume could still be effectively adjusted (including the option of entirely muting the volume), even when playing a MIDI file, by adjusting the program's individual slide bar in the operating system's bundled Volume Mixer application. MPC-HC Ticket 1548 is about this bug.)

Updated Releases
Media Player Classic - Home Cinema

Wikipedia's page for Media Player Classic notes about “ Media Player Classic - Home Cinema” that “MPC-HC requires at least Windows XP Service Pack 3.” The project's home page says, “Watch movies on any SSE CPU, even on your old computer back from '99.” (Users of older Windows operating systems, or users of older hardware that doesn't support the CPU instruction set called Streaming SIMD Extensions, may want to check out older versions of Media Player Classic.)

The home page for this project is Media Player Classic - Home Cinema ( ).

Version “v1.7.10” is newer than “v1.7.9”.

Black Edition
Wikipedia's article on Media Player Classic, section called “Black Edition” provides minimal information.
Older releases
Version Releases

Guliverkli2's Media Player Classic File downloads section has a Win9x release (or two? There is a file from Valentine's Day of 2010, newer than the October 5th, 2008 release. However, the 2010 release isn't labelled “win9x”.) This project was apparently made by “clsid”, a user from some forums called Doom9, who posted: Media Player Classic release by clsid.

The Portable Freeware collection's download for Media Player Classic Revision 107, also hyperlinked to from Wikipedia's page for Media Player Classic, has a “Download” hyperlink which simply goes to the same release (the “guliverkli2” project on SourceForge, which clsid claimed credit for creating).

Files zipped locally:

Help, About recognizes one of those as Copyright 2002-2008 (so that is likely the Win9x release that was released in 2008), and identifies it as “Version: (revision 82)”.

The download section with many older 6.4 versions (from 2003's through is the Guliverkli project on SF.Net. Tis project is described as “Media Player Classic, now part of the mpc-hc project”. The project does show the name of gabest. Since “Gabest” was the original creator of MPC, it does seem like MPC-HC is the clear official successor. The old “Guliverkli” project on SourceForge still has a large amount of media-playing related downloads, including three sub-areas that start with the phrase "Media Player Classic". Sept 9, 2007 article about Media Player Classic and MPlayer vulnerabilities There are, however, some newer releases: Wikipedia's article on Media Player Classic: section on Forks lists information. page on Media Player Classic refers to a newer version.


Looping is handled by the player's Options screen. On the screen for Playback options is a “Repeat forever” option. Version also has a “Rewind when done playing” option.

[#mplrhqhu]: MPlayer (software with home page at )

This software, called MPlayer, is a completely separate/different software from Microsoft's Windows Media Player (which has been known as mplayer.exe and mplayer2.exe with some versions).

For Microsoft Windows, the MPlayer download page has multiple hyperlinks. The simpler one may be the hyperlink that goes to “UPDATED MPlayer Windows builds”. The related SourceForge site is called MPlayer for Windows, and that page says, “These builds are maintained independently by me and not The MPlayer Project”. That site may have multiple varieties of executables, including an executable for 64-bit Windows. The other hyperlink from the MPlayer page goes to Open Source Software Netfarm: MPlayer for Microsoft Windows which may have even more options. Below the advertisement (which may claim to be a download link, but is unrelated) is the news, and below that is the “Build selection table”. For example, builds may exist for “Generic” (for i486+, called “generic”), AMD64/Intel EM64T (x86_64), and other platforms that seem more specific, designed for some AMD platforms or some Intel processors (like the “Intel Nehalem”, a platform named “corei7”, and described as “Core i3/i5/i7, Celeron/Pentium G”. For those who are seeking such optimized executables, such options are available. Be careful: the “x86_64” platform's description says “binary codecs are not supported”. So the “generic” option may be the most compatible.

At the time of this writing, the downloaded files were *.7z files. This was true from both of the download links. (So, be sure to have a copy of 7-Zip.) There was no installer, so prepare to manually extract files to a writable location.

MPlayer for Windows XP+

Much of the above information is likely about resources that offer MPlayer releases designed for Windows XP or newer.

The MPlayer for Windows page at SourceForge says, “The minimum requirement for 32-bit binaries is Windows XP.”

MPlayer for Win9x

(If my memory recalls, there was a release that worked in Win98. See MSFN post about media players.)

MPlayer documentation

The documentation notes that the GUI requires an option to be compiled, and then the GUI is available through an executable called “gmplayer”. The Microsoft Windows release may not have that available. Prepare to use the command line. The first time it is run, it may go through an extra process (apparently scanning fonts) that takes a bit of time (maybe a minute or two).

Documentation may be found online (MPlayer documentation), or with the package (Microsoft Windows releases include a copy of the HTML file from the online documentation). There may also be a man page (apparently the Ubuntu release does contain one).

Keystrokes can be used while the program is running. These are listed in the input.conf file; additional options could go into that file, and details are mentioned in MPlayer's documentation (MPlayer.html) section 3.3.1: Controls configuration. The sample file there is quite partial. Some nice ones to know are:

ESC or q (quits), SPACE or p (pauses), m (mutes), 9 (lower volume), 0 (increase volume), o (OSD?), Enter (skip to next file), . (period) (frame step: advance one frame and then pause), Left/Right/Up/Down/PgUp/PgDn: seek by some amount. Keys like Enter (advance) and Backspace (previous menu) may have different meanings with the DVD Navigation active. (MPlayer: DVD Playback)

The “volume increase” button does not raise the volume about 100% of the currently-used maximum value, although that maximum value can be increase. If you want the maximum value to be higher, increase the maximum with “-softvol -volstep 1 -softvol-max 300”, as noted by MPlayer software volume adjustment. Then the file will start playing at normal volume, but that volume will be a lower percentage of the newer maximum.

[#vlcmedpl]: VLC Media Player

VLC Media Player can play a number of files, including video and audio formats supported by Windows Media Player (like the audio formats of MP3, WAV, MIDI), and additional popular/useful formats (like the audio format of FLAC). It can also play optical discs, including DVDs (videos/movies) and audio CDs.

In the Official Downloads of VLC media player section, various platforms (operating systems) are listed. For some (NetBSD, OpenBSD, Solaris, QNX), this simply links to the page for source code. For some (GNU/Linux Mint, OS/2), the hyperlink is offsite. For most listed platforms, a page on VLC is hyperlinked to.

VLC for Microsoft Windows

If you're looking for the latest version, users of 64-bit versions of Microsoft Windows may benefit by being slightly careful when downloading. The VLC for Windows has a “Download VLC” button. The right side of that button is a down arrow, which shows a drop-down box that points to the “Installer for 64bit version”.

KernelEx Wiki: VLC Media Player says, “The last version officially supported on Windows 98/ME is 0.8.6i (14.August.2008). With KernelEx you can install up to version 2.1.2 (10.December.2013). Please note for versions 2.0.6 and newer, there are some additional limitations (that might be able to be worked around), documented at the KernelEx Wiki: VLC Media Player page, section about “Running” 2.0.6 and newer versions.

VLC Media Player version 0.8.6i for was the last version before version 0.9.0, and was available for Win32 and Mac OSX. (Downloads are available at VLC Media Player Version 0.8.6i for Win32.) A file at VLC 0.8.6i (final 0.8 release) for Win32: zipped installer is different than the *.zip and *.7z files released on the VLC site. The *.zip and *.7z files that come straight from the VLC site contain the program, but not the installer.

Another project, related to the same organization, is VideoLAN Movie Creator for editing videos. Other software is also available from VideoLAN.


See the Codecs download section.

Software by Real, such as Real Player
See the Codecs download section.
GOM Media Player
GOM Media Player has been recommended by posts on an MSFN forum thread, indicating it works well with Win98. However, the project's home page has stated a requirement of Windows XP SP2 or newer, so an older version may be needed for the older operating systems. December 12, 2012's version shows, “Windows 8 Support Added / Windows 98SE support dropped.” The last version before that was July 31, 2012's version
[#playoptd]: Video playback softare meant for optical discs (DVD's, BluRay, etc.)

[#playdvd]: DVD Playback software is described in this area.

Video on DVDs use some sort of MPEG technology. This section should become expanded. In the meantime, and even after it does, other files related to using DVDs may be found in other sections on the site. For a list of such references, see the CD/DVD page.

DVD playback software generally consists of the following major features:

  • Handling the encryption (a.k.a. copy protection) on DVDs so the files can be read so that the read files can be used for playback
  • Decoder software. (Hmm... what's this do? Same thing as encryption?)
  • Understanding the general DVD layout (to be able to process menus, etc.)
  • Playing back the video files

Because the handling of DVDs for playback and the ability to play back similarly encoded files is a trivial amount of core functionality (basically just controlling how the video data gets located), it is not uncommon for more generalized media players to support DVDs, and likewise it is not uncommon for DVD playing software to support loading video from a file on a hard drive. Therefore, for more options, see general media players.

Bundled with operating system
Windows 98/98SE
DVDPLAY. DVDPLAY comes with Win98 and Win98SE. For details, see newtip16.htm. DVDPLAY Guide indicates this may be found under Programs, Accessories, Entertainment. However, it very well may not be installed.
Newer versions of Microsoft Windows

For versions of Windows prior to Windows 10, check for a version of MS WiMP. Windows 2000 comes with WiMP 6.4 and the slightly newer version of Windows, Windows Me, comes with MS WiMP 7. See the MS WiMP DVD playing section for details. However, expect support may vary between different operating systems. For instance, Microsoft's page about DVD playback says people “ running Windows Vista Home Basic, Enterprise, or Business, or any edition of Windows XP” should “buy a compatible DVD decoder or” they “can buy and install a compatible DVD movie player app.”

For Windows 10, support for DVD playing was dropped (although, at the time of the release of Windows 10, people who upgraded to that operating system version did have an option to freely download some software that provided DVD playback support).

[#mswmpdvd]: Microsoft's Windows Media Player (MS WiMP) DVD playing capabilities

To enable MS WiMP 6.4's DVD playback, one can simply use Media Player 6 DVD User Interface Registry File (mp6dvdui.reg): Having a modern Windows operating system attempting to execute this file should cause RegEdit to import its needed contents. MDGX: newtip16.htm quotes Andreas saying this software "is totally hardware oriented, not software bound like PowerDVD, WinDVD or CineMaster."

Newer versions of MS WiMP need even less coaxing to support DVDs. The options should just appear, if supported.

For Windows Media Player 9, if the right software isn't installed to support this, the DVD tab simply won't show up on the Tools,Options screen of WMP9.

Windows Media Player 9's help (Help, Help Topics/F1, Using the Player, Using DVDs) says "To play DVDs, you must have a DVD-ROM drive, and a software or hardware DVD decoder installed on your computer. If you do not have a compatible DVD decoder installed, DVD-related commands, options, and controls do not appear in the Player and you cannot play DVDs. By default, Windows does not include a DVD decoder. For more information about DVD decoders, see Windows Help." Windows Help, in turn, says "Your DVD hardware may require a decoder card and specific software. Check with your DVD and computer manufacturers for details."

[#viewimg]: Image Viewers

Commonly web browsers are used to view images. Other software that commonly views iamges includes image editing software and possibly some video playing software. Images may also be displayed within other types of software, such as screensavers. Image data is often supported by other file types, such as office documents.


GQview (for Unix) and GQview for Windows provides slideshow capabilities.

Freeware, but theoretically restricted to the PNG file format. The README.1ST file states “FWIW, Targa files are also supported.” NetGhost site at Narod (Russian site): page on QPNG/386 states, “QPNG actually reads both the PNG and the TGA formats.” contains files that are byte-for-byte identical to more common distributions such as Slovak Antivirus Center, yet comes from a source that has provided other known-trustworthy files, and does not appear to be branded.
QPV was a newer title given to some shareware that had previously been named QPEG. This was one of the best graphics viewers for DOS, supporting high speed and even 4DOS DESCRIPT.ION files. (It used a character in DESCRIPT.ION) to make some data invisible when 4DOS displayed the descriptions.) It looks like the last version was QPV 1.7e which was an update to the QPEG 1.6a version. indicates that QPV/386 2.00 was “Freewareversion because no one registered”. However, is no longer valid (there is no response by indicates it might have been piracy

See also converters (e.g. SEA 1.3 for DOS). Perhaps see also: Image Alchemy/Image Printer (previously ) Graphic Workshop Professional Irfanview (“FREEWARE (for non-commercial use)” graphic viewer

[#playmusc]: Playing music

Playing music is often supported by software that can also show animated video, so viewing the video playing software may provide some options.

[#playcdau]: Playing CD audio

Playing CD audio is often a feature provided by software that plays music other than CD audio, including software that handles multimedia such as video playing software.

SJGPlay for DOS

SJGPlay for DOS, according to its web page, “has all the features you would expect in a CD player plus lyrics capability.” This software heavily depends on a library whose source code is not something the author has clear permission to distribute, and the software has been discontinued, so further development of the DOS version is not expected. The final version, version 1.29 from December 5, 1996, is available as a free download. A multimedia player that can play more media formats, SJGPlay for Windows, has also been created.

[#editimg] and [#mmeditor]: Mediamedia file editing

Netpbm is a collection of programs. There seemed to be a larger number of convertors than editors, so information is in the converters section. However, there is certainly quite a bit of ability to edit an image file.

Video editing

At the time of this writing, the author of this text may not have much experience with video editing. However, some resources have been located.

VirtualDub, or variations like VirtualDubMod, are known to be available options for Microsoft Windows.

Wikipedia's list of free and open source video editing software and Wikipedia's list of free and open source software for editing videos contains some lists. Some of the most portable options appear to include:


Designed to be a graphical program, there is also command line support. Versions exist for various platforms including Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, and BSD packages.

Avidemux licensing

The avidemux download page says, “The binaries available here are freely redistributable (cover mount CD/DVD, download site,...) BUT they must be redistributed as they are. In particular, it means you cannot alter/replace the installer to bundle avidemux with other programs (for example: browser toolbars). Doing so would invalidate your license to redistribute and you would be providing counterfeiting software.

Yet, SourceForge Project Page for avidemux lists GPLv2.

VideoLan Movie Creator

Is this popular software that is also released by the creators of the popular VideoLAN video playing software? It seems so, almost.

First, note that the Trac Powered: VLMC downloads page indicated that the software may crash many times, or “eat” what is likely a valued resource. This probably was meant to indicate potential data loss. The good news is that the website appeared to be talking about “VLMC last official build (0.1.0)”, and there is a 0.2.0 version that has been released. Still, that web site has not indicated that the software is anything other than “an early release” yet (as of May 2014).

At the time of this writing (in May of 2014), VLMC home page at says “Stable downloads are not available, for now!” “Sorry for the issue!” However, downloads were located at FTP site for VLC: Testing section: VLMC. This was located thanks to Trac powered: VLMC's Downloads hyperlink: Trac powered: VLMC downloads which also referred to jb's vlmc section and VLMC @

Blender Video Sequence Editor

Blender VSE blog: 2013 article about making titles says, “Blender.s VSE doesn.t have a titling tool! I know that may come as a shock, some suggest that it is a core feature for an editing application. But the Blender foundation would remind you that Blender.s VSE is really just a clip sequencing tool, that is a device that allows you to shuffle rendered media and trim as required. In recent times you have been able to perform simple audio effects and enhance your images”...

For more information about how to use this feature of Blender, see: Blender 2.4 documentation: sequencer and Blender 2.4 documetnation: sequencer usage.


There is a rumor that Lightworks may become open source (mentioned in Brian Lunduke's 2014 LFNW speech). The software is “the best of the free” options (as quoted by TechRadar review of video editing software. However, that same review says, “There is a price to pay for all this functionality, though: an extremely steep learning curve. This is not a tool for beginners, and you should expect to spend plenty of time reading the documentation before you can do anything useful at all.” Despite that cost, the review indicates that the software has quite impressive capabilities.

Animation Editing

Although the section on video editing contains software that could presumably be used to modify an animation, other software has indicated that it is meant for animating. Such software has support for defining objects and then moving the related shapes (or groups of pixels) in certain ways.


From a brief overview of blog about best 2D animation software, it looks like Tupi is for Linux only. However, the Tupi downloads section provides a Mac OSX installer, mentions an Android version of Tupi Mobile, and mentions interest in a release for Microsoft Windows.

Synfig Studio

At an early glance, it looks like Synfig Studio is fairly capable software, although may have a focus on features like layer editing, rather than just object movements.

Synfig CMS page says, “the original idea from day one - the elimination of the tweening process. But it is certainly not the only feature of Synfig that makes it unique. In addition to eliminating the tweening process, I also wanted Synfig to be used for pretty much every part of production except story-boarding and editing.”

[#mmconvrt]: Multimedia file converters

One option may be to use graphical editors, as they can often load and save in multiple formats. However, this is often a more manual process, whereas these converts may be able to do things with less interaction. These converters may also help optimize some graphics, such as increasing the amount of data compression within an image. Note that extra conversions of lossy formats is not recommended.

[#netpbm]: Netpbm

This collection of software contains many programs that will each convert from one file format to and from one of the Netpbm formats (which are the “pnm” formats of pbm, pgn, and ppm, as well as the pam format).

The Netpbm documentation: program directory lists the programs, which are generally named after the conversion features they offer, and provides hyperlinks to specific documentation on each program.

The programs are meant to be run from the command line. In many/most/all cases, the programs send graphical output to the “standard output” stream. (It is expected that this output may be redirected to a file.) Error messages may be shown to the “Standard Error” stream (sometimes called “stderr”).

The Netpbm documentation's main page contains information on a large number of other pieces of software to perform various tasks on images.

From XnView For non-commercial/non-profit/educational use Has a version for DOS. Requires 387 (386 + FPU chip, or 486 which has the 387 compatability built in). (double-zipped, locally as for DOS32 LE and other platforms. An older version 3.87 for DOS was found:
This software is designed to be easily run from the command line. ImageMagick Advanced Windows Installation references Windows 98 as being supported by source code. Filename might be: or perhaps
[#sea13dos]: SEA Graphics Viewer 1.3 for DOS

SEA 1.3 for DOS (doubly-zipped) contains an old original zip file from before changes were made by the SimTel distribution site. For some reason, Simtel's archive called this software and refers to version 1.34

The home page now redirects to the company's newer products (which are not for DOS).

Converters for other types of files (other than images)
Xscreensaver releases for Microsoft Windows

These are all unofficial.

Info at ][CyberPillar][ information about entertainment software: section about XScreenSaver.

releases on GitHub distributes XScreenSaverWin 0.79 source code (zip file distribution) (zipped locally as scrnsavr/xscrnsvr/xscrnsvw/ and XScreenSaverWin 0.79 source code (zip file distribution) (zipped locally as scrnsavr/xscrnsvr/xscrnsvw/

A slightly older release, by another source, still has executables being distributed: OpenSourcePack: Alternative Build for XScreenSaverWin refers to Alternative Build for XScreenSaverWin (executable) version 0.77 (7-Zipped locally as xscw77wn.7z), and Alternative Build for XScreenSaverWin (source code) version 0.77 (7-Zipped locally as xscw77sc.7z).

Other software types